The Beginner’s Guide to Experts
How to Be Prepared for and Manage Disaster
As a result of migration to urban areas worldwide by people who want to seek jobs, high buildings have been erected coupled with increase in population, overhead electric cables, and slum areas. A great disaster is awaiting these urban areas due to the increase in the number of industries, oil storage tanks and pipelines including natural calamities such as earthquakes and landslides. Recently, we have seen that in several parts of the world that experienced a lot of disasters, people have varying levels of preparedness and ways of responding to these disasters. Activities and measure are put in place to minimize the effects and impacts of disasters, and this is now called as mitigation. Mitigation also covers the effects and impacts of disaster to a given population or area regarding physical, economic, and social. Past experience has shown us that being prepared for disasters to a certain degree can mitigate the effects to a large extent unlike areas that are not properly prepared. Many angles and aspects are involved depending on the locality and the community concerned. The two categories for these measures are called structural and non-structural.
Another categorization for these preparedness measures of mitigating disasters aside from structural and non-structural, is either active or passive. Active measures may include the reward system where incentives are provided to individuals or organizations that implement disaster preparedness measures such as creating disaster ready environments. Since the passive measures rely on laws and controls, the active measures have been noticed to be more effective. As often observed, the fact that the law based planning codes and rules lack effectiveness unless strongly implemented together with the cooperation of building owners. Giving subsidies and lessening premiums for insurance for safer constructions can be effective.
The government and the local authorities must aim on handling disasters when they occur, and to do so, the government and the local authorities must possess a trait of preparedness in order to clear structures. It is important to have simple and easy plans and policies for implementation by the disaster preparedness and management unit. Increasing the awareness of the public and organization members should be required and that warning systems should be properly placed and regularly checked, including the proper planning of land use. When planning for a disaster is not properly done or is not considered, chaotic events will occur such as fires and it will make vehicles such as fire trucks and ambulances difficult to reach the victim due to impassable roads. If pre planning is not done or made, it would be difficult and challenging to respond to disaster like post disaster management.
Suggested Article: Full Article